Shan State Army

Shan State Army
   (SSA) (SOUTH)
   An ethnic armed group that continues to resist the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). After Khun Sa signed a cease-fire with the SPDC's predecessor, the State Law and Order Restoration Council, in January 1996, the Shan State Army (South) was constituted from contingents of the drug warlord's Mong Tai Army. Its commander is Colonel Yord Serk, who has fought as an insurgent since the age of 17. Its armed strength is estimated at between 1,000 and 2,000 guerrillas. In contrast to Khun Sa's armed group, the SSA (South) claims to be suppressing the traffic in opium and heroin in the territories it controls. It operates in central Shan State, and the post1988 military regime has subjected as many as 300,000 Shans in the region to forced relocation in an effort to undercut the SSA (South)'s popular bases of support. It has also encouraged the United Wa State Army to enclose and contain the Shan guerrillas, which has caused border tensions and fighting with Thailand. The SSA (South), formerly known as the Shan United Revolutionary Army (SURA), has made alliances with other non-cease-fire groups, the Karen National Union, the Karenni National Progressive Party, and the Chin National Front.
   See also Human Rights in Burma.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shan State Army-South — The Shan State Army South (SSA South, sometimes called simply the Shan State Army, though there is also a Shan State Army North) is one of the bigger rebel factions fighting against the State Peace and Development Council regime of Burma. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Shan State Army-South — Die Shan State Army South (SSA S) ist eine Widerstandsgruppe der Minderheit der Shan in Myanmar (Birma). Die Zahl der bewaffneten Kämpfer wird auf 10.000 geschätzt. Die SSA S wurde im Januar 1996 von ehemaligen Kämpfern der Muang Tai Army in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shan State Army-North — Die Shan State Army North (SSA N) ist eine bewaffnete Gruppe in Myanmar, dem ehemaligen Birma, die sich für die Autonomie der Shan einsetzt. Die SSA N ist eine der derjenigen Gruppierungen Myanmars, die ihren bewaffneten Kampf gegen die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shan State — ရှမ်းပြည်နယ်   State   Myanma transcription(s)  – Burmese …   Wikipedia

  • Shan State National Army — Die Shan State National Army (SSNA), auch SSA Central genannt, ist eine bewaffnete Gruppe in Myanmar, die sich für die Autonomie des Shan Staat einsetzt. Teile der SSNA halten sich an einen Waffenstillstand mit der birmesischen Militärregierung,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shan State —    In land area, the largest of Burma s states and divisions, covering 155,801 square kilometers or (155 square miles). It contains 11 districts (Taunggyi, Loilem, Lashio, Muse, Kyaukme, Kunlong, Laukkai, Keng Tung, Monghsat, Monghpyak, and… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • United Wa State Army — Fahne des De facto Wa Staats in Myanmar Die United Wa State Army (UWSA) ist der bewaffnete Arm der United Wa State Party (UWSP), einer politischen Gruppierung, die sich für die ethnische Minderheit der Va im Shan Staat von Myanmar (Birma)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United Wa State Army — (UWSA) is the army of an estimated twenty thousand soldiers of Myanmar s Special Region No. (2) (There is no recognised Wa State in Myanmar: Myanmar is divided into divisions, states, and special regions). Its leader is Bao You Xiang.United Wa… …   Wikipedia

  • Namhkam (Shan State) — Namhkam ၼမ်ႉၶမ်း …   Wikipedia

  • United Wa State Army —    (UWSA)    At the beginning of the 21st century, the most powerful ethnic minority armed group in Burma, with a strength of 20,000 men and a notorious reputation as Southeast Asia s best organized narco army. Although statistics are unreliable …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)